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There are two main types of foreclosure:
Judicial – supervised by a court with formal legal proceedings (civil law suit)
Non-judicial – non-court supervised
In both types of foreclosure, the homeowner receives the legal notice of foreclosure, the legal notice is published in the local paper (in most cases), and the home is sold at public auction. (For judicial foreclosures, you’ll be served with legal notice of the pending action, and the court will approve or set the foreclosure date and sale.)
The process and timing of a foreclosure can vary by state laws, and many other factors. However, your mortgage company can begin preparing the default notice/foreclosure proceedings on your home as early as 60 days after you have missed your first payment. That’s why you should take action early to begin working with your mortgage company to resolve your payment problems immediately.
How Do You Avoid Foreclosure?
The most important thing—take action now. You have nothing to lose (and everything to gain) by working with your mortgage company to avoid foreclosure.
If foreclosure is imminent, other options may no longer be available. However, you may still be able to leave your home without having to go through foreclosure. This means you won’t have a foreclosure on your credit history and you may qualify for relocation assistance to ease your transition to new housing.
A foreclosure is the legal process where your mortgage company obtains ownership of your home (i.e., repossess the property). A foreclosure occurs when the homeowner has failed to make payments and has defaulted or violated the terms of their mortgage loan.
A foreclosure can usually be avoided—even if you already received a foreclosure notice. See the chart (in "Foreclosure Comparison") to compare some other options: Short Sale and Mortgage Release (Deed-in-Lieu of Foreclosure). No matter the option, you must take action as soon as you can.
There are a couple of steps to take next -
Gather your financial information—Make sure you have your basic financial and loan information on hand when you call your mortgage company. You’ll need:
your mortgage statements, including information on a second mortgage (if applicable)
your other monthly debt payments (e.g., car or student loans, credit card payments), and
your income details (paystubs and income tax returns).
Explain your current situation—Be ready to outline your current hardship and explain why you are having trouble making your mortgage payment, why this is a long-term problem and confirm that you are ready to leave your home to avoid foreclosure. Your mortgage company will need to understand the reasons why you are having difficulty in order to find the right solution for you.
Contact your mortgage company—Tell them you are interested in a Mortgage Release and you want to see if you qualify.
Eviction from your home—you’ll lose your home and any equity that you may have established
Stress and uncertainty of not knowing exactly when you will have to leave your home
Damage to your credit—impacting your ability to get new housing, credit, and maybe even potential employment, for many years
May owe a deficiency balance after the foreclosure sale
Lose any relocation assistance or leasing opportunities that may be available with other options
Forfeit ability to get a Fannie Mae mortgage to purchase another home for at least 7 years (Fannie Mae guidelines)
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